Are you searching for a ready-made Socio-Economic survey for your B.Ed. practical files? If you are B.Ed. trainee and pursuing B.Ed. course in any teacher training institution, I am here to help you in preparing a Socio-Economic survey for B.Ed. practical files. This is a complete survey report of a village.
Table of Contents
How to Make a Report on a Socio-Economic Survey For B.Ed. Practical Files?
The socio-Economic survey is basically done in a small area. For example, a small village. As a B.Ed. trainee or B.Ed. students you will need to do a small socio-economic survey in your local area. Since making and socio-economic survey report for B.Ed. practical files is not an easy task. So, I am here to help you in making a socio-economic survey for your B.Ed. practical files.
This socio-economic survey is done among five households in a small village. These data are collected in real life for the purpose of this socio-economic survey report. So, you will get a proper idea of how to make a socio-economic survey report for B.Ed. practical files.
Below I have given a complete Socio-Economic survey for B.Ed. practical files. You will learn every step of making a socio-economic survey.
Complete Socio-Economic Survey | B.Ed. Field Study
I have given all content of this socio-economic survey which you will need to do during a field study in your B.Ed. course. I have given all pages of this socio-economic survey accordingly. Page number I have mentioned in this socio-economic survey which is made for B.Ed. pursuing trainee/students are the page number of the original socio-economic survey report.
List of Tables
|2||Population Distribution on the basis of Age and Gender||9|
|3||On the basis of Educational Qualification||10|
|4||Annual Income as per Family||12|
|5||Occupation as per Family||13|
|6||Various facilities available in the village||14|
List of figures
|1||Map of the Surveyed village (Nabakatharbari)||6|
|2||Photo (Snapshots) of the six-family surveyed|
|3||Bar-diagram of population distribution||9|
|4||Bar diagram of population distribution on the basis of age and gender||10|
|5||Bar diagram on the basis of educational qualification||11|
|6||Bar diagram of annual income as per family||12|
|7||Pie-diagram of occupation as per family||13|
|Serial No.||Subject||Page No.|
|2.00||Background of the Study||5|
|2.01||A brief description of the Lakhimpur district||5|
|2.02||A brief description of the surveyed area||6|
|2.03||Map of the surveyed area||6|
|2.04||Background of the people of the surveyed area||6|
|3.00||Objectives of the Study||7|
|4.00||The procedure of information (Sample) collection||7-8|
|5.00||Analysis (of facts)||8|
|6.00||Findings of the survey||15-16|
Socio-Economic Survey is considered one of the most important sources of statistical data on household expenditure and income. It also includes other data on the status of housing, individual and household characteristics, and living conditions. ‘Survey’ refers to a study of a particular subject in a particular area or region. A socio-economic survey is the scientific study of various issues of social and economic aspects of society.
A socio-economic survey is the mixed process of social and economic situations. It is the process through which systematic analysis of people living in a definite society can be made on the basis of their capacity to work, their income, education, and occupation. Hence, through the process of study of socio-economic survey emphasis has been made to study scientifically or systematically any subject by gaining practical or empirical knowledge. A socio-economic survey is determined only by the socio-economic situations of the individuals.
A socio-economic survey is the part and parcel of the educational sphere. Through a systematic study of the villagers through socio-economic survey, various actions can be taken to raise the standard of living of the villagers. And this plays a pivotal role in the development of a village or a country as a whole. At length, a socio-economic survey helps in finding out the problems faced by the individuals in the society and also how to resolve these issues by removing the problems, so as to progress of developed societies.
2.00 Background of the Study:
2.01A short description of Lakhimpur District:
This study is carried out in the Dhakuakhna area, a sub-division of the Lakhimpur district. The district covers an area of 2277 Sqkm out of which 2257 Sqkm is rural and 20 Sqkm is urban. As per the 2011Census of India, the total population of the Lakhimpur district is 10, 42,137 of which 50.8% are male and 49.2% are female approximately. The average literacy rate of the Lakhimpur district is 77.20%. Lakhimpur District is situated on the north bank of the River Brahmaputra and is said to be the ‘Gateway of Arunachal Pradesh’.
2.02 A short description of the Surveyed area:
Nabakatharbari village is situated on the bank of river Charikuria, under Dhakuakhana Circle of Lakhimpur district. The village is situated to the north of the Lakhimpur district. Nabakatharbari is in the domain of the Dhakuakhana post office. The village is bounded on the east by Dhakuakhana town and Dhakuakhana sub-division Police station, on the west by Basudeva Than, on the north by Padumoni Than and National Highway No.15, and on the south by the river Charikuria.
2.03 Map of the Surveyed area:
2.04 Background of the people of the Surveyed area:
Nabakatharbari village which is situated under Dhakuakhana Circle of Lakhimpur district consists of a diversified population of several ethnic communities including Ahom, Kalita, Sut, Koch, Chutia, Mising. The living standards of some of the people of the village are low and the main source of livelihood is daily wages, agriculture, and business. Almost all the people of the locality depend on the bazaar (market) to buy essential commodities. Since they have to buy all the essential commodities; they are not at all capable of more sizeable investments.
A part of the village is situated on the bank of river Charikuria, therefore the natural environment of the village is very fascinating and charming. But the soil of this village is not favorable for agriculture, since it is situated on a sandbank. Moreover, most of the people of the village have limited land. Few people of the locality engaged in cattle rearing and poultry farming in limited numbers like cows, goats, pigs, hens, ducks, etc.
Few people in the village have kaccha houses made of bamboo and mud-plastered and few government establishments are also noticed. In the case of drinking water, except few, most household uses a hand pump. The Sanitary arrangement of the village is satisfactory.
There is an Anganwadi Kendra, for the care as well as the welfare of the children in the village. There is a primary school for primary education, a higher secondary school, a Girl’s College, and also a private school in the area. There is a playground and also a library in the locality for fun, amusement, and other outdoor physical activity.
The village is inhabited by various ethnic groups following diverse faith but the majority of the village population are Hindus.
3.00 Objectives of the study:
Here, an attempt has been made to accomplish the socio-economic survey on the basis of particular aims and objectives. The objectives of the socio-economic survey report are to determine –
- To find out the educational standard of the people of the society.
- To study the socio-economic standard of the people or community.
- To give counsel to human resource development.
- To try to understand the problems and awareness perceived in various aspects among the people of Nabakatharbari.
4.00 Procedure of information (sample) collection:
I went to Nabakatharbari under Dhakuakhana Circle on 16-08-2021 at 2.00 pm for a socio-economic survey. There, I individually went to six households and met the head of the family with the questionnaires prepared by the college’s socio-economic survey committee. And I have collected the required information from the head of the family, including name and address, community, educational qualification, economic situation, total members in the family, government privileges, sanitary arrangements, etc. In addition, information about educational institutions, libraries, playgrounds, Anganwadi centers, etc. are also collected.
5.00 Analysis (of facts):
1) Population distribution:
The following table shows the number of males and females in the six households (as per collected information).
Table No.1: Population Distribution
In the above table, the total population of surveyed six households is 21. Out of this total population, 11 are male and 10 are female. The male percentage is 52.38% and the female percentage is 47.62%. From the above table, it is clear that compared to males, the number of female or females percentage is lower.
The population distribution of the six socio-economic surveyed households is clearly shown below with the bar diagram:
2) Population distribution on the basis of age and gender:
The following table shows the number of males and females in the six surveyed households on the basis of age and gender.
Table No.2: Population distribution on the basis of age and gender:
In the above table, the population distribution of the socio-economic surveyed six households is shown on the basis of age and gender. Here, the age group is between 0-20, the number of male persons is 4 and female persons are 3. Likewise, in the age group between 21-40, the number of male persons is 2 and female persons are 3. And the age group in between 41-60, the numbers of male persons are 5 and female persons are 4.
From here, it is clear that in the case of population distribution on the basis of age and gender, age group between 41-60, the number of male persons is highest.
A bar diagram of the population distribution of the six households, on the basis of age and gender, is clearly shown below:
3) On the basis of Educational Qualification:
The number of males and females in the surveyed six households is shown in the table below, on the basis of educational qualification –
|Sl. No.||Educational qualification||Male||Female||Total|
|4||HSLC (Failed) or below||4||3||7|
In the above table, the information on the educational qualification of the surveyed households is included. In the case of educational qualification, the number of male graduates is 3 and the number of female graduates is 1. The number of males who passed HS is 1 and females is 3 in number. Again, the number of males who passed HSLC is 2 and, the number of females who passed HSLC is 4. On the other hand, the no. of people who failed HSLC or who are currently studying below class 10 is 4 in the case of males and it is three in the case of females. It is also observed that the number of female illiterates is 0.
The information of the surveyed households on basis of educational qualification is clearly shown below with the help of a bar diagram:
4) Annual income as per family:
The annual income of the six surveyed households is shown in the table below.
Table no.4: Annual income as per family:
|Sl. No.||Name of the Head of the family||Annual Income|
In the above table, the information on the annual income of the surveyed households is stated. From the above information, it is seen that the 6th family has the highest income of the other families.
The information about the annual income of the surveyed households is clearly shown below with the help of a bar diagram:
5) Occupation as per family:
Occupations of the head of the six surveyed households are shown in the table below.
Table no.5: Occupations of the head of the family:
|Sl. No.||Occupation||No. of individuals||Percentage|
In the above table, the information about the occupations of the heads of the surveyed households is being collected. From here, it is found that the percentage of people who are engaged in business is 50%, agriculture is 33.33% and government service is 16.7%. It is observed that there is no person who earns on a daily wage basis.
6) Various facilities available in the village:
Various facilities available in the surveyed village are shown in the table below–
From the above-collected data, it is found that the government water supply system is very poor. That is why every household is using a handpump to extract drinking water. The filtration system is available in every household except one. It is observed that every household uses a permanent toilet. Few households use toilets provided by the government. Among these six households, the place of worship is common, i.e., they worship in both Namghar and Temple. In addition to these, every household has an electricity connection and a playground to play on. The transportation system is good in this village.
6.00 Findings of the Socio-Economic Survey:
i) Educational qualification of the people of the survey area:
Among 11 males of six households in Nabakatharbari Village, 11 are literate. Among 10 females, 10 are also literate.
ii) Transportation and Communication system:
Transportation and communication in this area are good.
iii) Community and festival:
Among the data collected from six households, all are Assamese. They all belong to the Ahom community.
iv) Government facilities:
Some households are able to get government facilities like toilets.
v) Places of worship:
Among the data collected from six households of Nabakathorbari Village, all of them worship on Namghar and Temple.
vi) Agricultural land:
Every six households cultivate on big or small scall.
vii) Education and educational institutions:
There is a High Scholl and a college near this area. Due to this people have no issues with providing education to their children.
viii) Means of livelihood:
Most of the people of this place depend on business and agriculture as their primary earning sources. Among six households, one is engaged in government service. There is no household that earns on a daily wage basis.
ix) Sanitary facility:
There is a proper sanitary arrangement for these six households.
The following measures have been identified and recommended to remove the problems of Nabakatharbari village, under Dhakuakhana Circle of Lakhimpur district.
- Holding awareness meetings about various ongoing Government Schemes and facilities can facilitate the villagers to reap the advantages.
- Can organize various awareness meetings to make the villagers self-sufficient through vocational education.
- For the adult community, arranging education-based training camps can show them the light of education.
- For financial freedom, the educated youth may apply for loans and engaged in business (set up micro-business establishments).
- The government’s safe and free drinking water facility is not available in the area.
- An irrigation facility may be set up for use on agricultural land.
8.00 Conclusion of the Socio-Economic Survey (For B.Ed.):
From the socio-economic survey, we had the experience of analyzing the social status, culture, ways, customs, and the various aspects of a community living in a village. We were made aware of their immediate difficulties and shortcomings. The physical presence of myself in that surroundings made me quite refreshed from the hustle and bustle of city life. This experience will always remain with us in the times to come and all those who are directly and indirectly involved in my endeavor, I thank them from my bottom of my heart.
- Internet: http://mospi.nic.in/ – Socio-Economic Survey
Above I have given an example of a socio-economic survey with complete data that are collected in real life. as a B.Ed. pursuing students you will need to go for field study and make a socio-economic survey report for your B.ed. practical files.
I think this ready-made socio-economic survey report will help you very much in making your own survey report. To prevent this survey report from piracy, I have not attached the PDF of this socio-economic survey report which is made for B.Ed. practical files.