Essay On Universal Primary Education in 500 Words

500 words essay on universal primary education for school students. This is a well-written essay for any level of students. Also, this essay on universal primary education written based on the special emphasis on Assam. So that students of SEBA can prepare this essay for HSLC or AHSEC examination. Students can adjust the length of this essay to 400, 300, and even 200 words according to their needs.

Essay On Universal Primary Education in 500 Words

500+ Words Essay on Universal Primary Education for School Students

Before we started our essay on universal primary education, lets have a quick view of the content of our essay. The following essay includes the given sub topics –

  • Introduction to the essay
  • About the new program of universal primary education
  • Period of primary education
  • Free primary education
  • Improvement of Universal primary education
  • Conclusion of the essay



The modern world founded on education. Formal education begins with primary education. In a sense, therefore, primary education is the foundation on which modern society stands. Every citizen should be able to take an intelligent interest in the affairs of his society. This would not be possible for him if he does not know how to read and write. Therefore, it is essential that every child should be given primary education on a compulsory basis.

A New Program:

Considering the importance of primary education, the government of India formulated different policies in the past for imparting compulsory primary education to every child. But you are yet to achieve full success in this respect, and more than sixty percent of the population remain still illiterate. A new program has, therefore, been launched for the universalization of primary education. In the twenty-point program launched by the government of India, the sixteenth point relates to universal primary education. It has been decided to lunch an intensive drive for the enrolment of more and more children in primary schools through proper incentives.

The in-take capacities of schools have been sought to be increased by providing more teachers and greater accommodation. A nonformal system of education has also been introduced to provide primary education to young boys and girls who either could not attend a school or dropped out early. The Adult Education Programme aims at removing illiteracy amongst the adult population. It is expected that primary education will be universal within a decade.

Period of Primary Education:

Educationists are of the opinion that the span of primary education should be from the sixth year of a child’s life to his fourteenth year. A child learns quickly, but he also tends to forget quickly. Therefore, what he learns early should be consolidated within these eight years of schooling. In most states of India, therefore, primary education spans from class I to class VIII. In Assam, however, primary education has been continuing till now up to class VII. Moreover, the so-called Middle English stage from class V to class VII was being considered in some quarters as the lower section of education. This was wrong and so the Middle secondary English schools have now been brought under the control of the Directorate of Elementary Education.

Free Primary Education:

Primary education in our country has been made free. In other words, children do not have to pay their tuition fees if they go to a primary school. But the Free primary problem of the poorer section of the society education is not confined to the payment of tuition fees. Many of them cannot afford to buy books, clothes, and stationery for their children. Schemes have been introduced by the government to look after this problem also, but the amounts spent in this respect have been rather meager. Books, school uniforms and the required stationery should be supplied completely free of cost to the children of the weaker sections of our society. China has made great strides in this sphere.

Improvement of Quality of Universal Primary Education:

Universal primary education should not mean merely increasing the number of school-going children. We must also take effective measures in order to improve the quality of primary education. With the advancement of knowledge and civilization, primary education now means much more than learning the three R’s. Therefore, the curriculum of primary education should be carefully designed. The teachers should have the requisite intellectual abilities to teach according to such a curriculum and the schools should be fully provided with necessary teaching aids.


It is true that we have not been sitting idle in respect of the universalization of primary education. But we have to do much more, for a truly democratic society is possible only when its members can take an active and Coneinsion intelligent interest in the public affairs. This requires that every individual in society should be able to read and write.

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