Essay On A Place Of Historical Importance Sibsagar

Writing an essay on a place of historical importance is not that easy. You should have a thorough knowledge of that place. Sibsagar is one of the places in Assam that has historical importance. So, here is an essay on Sibsagar – A Place of Historical Importance in 1000 words. Also, you can read this essay to gather knowledge about Sibsagar.

Essay On A Place Of Historical Importance Sibsagar

Sibsagar – A Place Of Historical Importance: 1000 Words Essay

The following essay on Sibsagar or A place Of Historical Importance is written in the proper format of essay writing. This is the essay that describes the historical importance of Sibsagar in every aspect. So, basically, this is an essay on multitopic. This essay includes the following subtopics-

  • Introduction to the essay
  • Location
  • Importance
  • The monuments
  • About Rangpur
  • Joysagar And Other Surrounding Places
  • Other places
  • Conclusion of the essay


The town of Sibsagar in the district of that same name in upper Assam is an important place of historical interest. It derived its name from a huge tank (as big as a ‘sagar’ or sea), dug in the name of King Shiva Singha by his second queen, Madambika.

Location of Sibsagar:

Sibsagar is situated on the east bank of the river Dikhow. Many people think that it was this town that was once the capital of the Ahom kingdom. But that is a wrong concept. Actually, that capital of the Ahom kings with which people generally confuse, Sibsagar, is Rongpur on the west bank of the Dikhow. But, after the coming of the British, Sibsagar became more famous and important, because they and the American missionaries made this town their headquarters.

Historical Importance of Sibsagar:

However, nowadays nobody says that he is going to Rongpur even when he really does so to have a glimpse of this one-time capital. Everybody refers only to Sibsagar. And justly so, because it is not just that Sibsagar is the headquarters of both the Sibsagar district and the Sibsagar Sub-division. Innumerable historical places of Assam are situated neat and around it. As such whoever goes to Sibsagar with a historical interest hardly comes back without visiting a good number of these places.

The Monuments in Sibsagar:

The historical monuments and other relics of the glorious Ahom rule in and around Sibsagar are so numerous that it is difficult to take all of them into account. However, those monuments for which the present Sibsagar town is most noted are the Sibsagar Tank, the Shiva Doul (Doul-temple), the Talatal Ghar, the Rangghar, the Joysagar Tank, and the Joy Doul. The Sibsagar tank, spreading over 400 bighas of land, is situated at one end of the town. Today, the municipal committee of the town supplies water to its citizens from this tank. The beautiful Shiva Doul with a huge gold dome at the top is situated on its bank. The Shiva Ratri Mela, held in front of this Doul is the biggest in Assam. Besides this, there are two other Douls known as Vishnu Doul and Devi Doul on the Bank of the tank.


Rangpur, the famous one-time capital of the later Ahom kings, is just one kilometer away from the heart of the town. It derived its name from the Assamese word “Rang” (merriment), as it was considered to be the capital of merriment and amusement. However, the present site to which king Rudra Singha, the founder of Rangpur, shifted his capital from Barkola, was at first only a part of Meteka. The two-storeyed Pavillion, from where the kings enjoyed various games and sports was known as Rang-Ghar (house of merriment). At first, the Rang-Ghar was a wooden structure. But it was King Pramatta Singha who constructed the red-bricked Rang-Ghar which stands till this day a little outside the boundaries of the capital proper. Rangpur itself is ap square-shaped capital with ramparts on all its four sides. In the middle of the capital stands the Talatalghar, the multi-storeyed royal palace. Though it is in ruins, it still proclaims the glory of the Ahom Kings. There were several underground storey and an underground tunnel through which one could go down to the Dikhow. But now, these have been kept blocked.

Joysagar And Other Surrounding Places:

The Joysagar Tank and the Joy Doul, dug and built by Rudra Singha in memory of his mother, Joymati, is just near Rangpur. The Joysagar Tank is the biggest of all the tanks, dug by the Ahom Kings. It covers an area of about 500 bighas of land. One wonders how the Ahom kings and the people could dig such huge tanks. The Gaurisagar tank, spreading over an area of about 350 bighas of land, is at a distance of about 10 kilometers from Sibsagar. It was dug by Phuleshwari, the first queen of Shiva Singha. There is a Shiva Doul on one of the banks of this tank too. Moreover, there are some other minor douls on the banks of these tanks.

The Barpatrapukhuri (pukhuri-tank) and the Barpatra Doul, the Rudrasagar Tank, the Athaisagar tank, the Rajmao Pukhuri are all within a few kilometers from the Sibsagar town. Besides these, there are a large number of monuments like tombs, magazines, and temples in the entire Rangpur-Sibsagar area and around it. Most of these lying neglected in a ruined condition. Many are overgrown with trees and Creepers. My eyes become wet with grief when I look at these ruins.

Other Places Nearby:

In addition to Sibsagar itself and its immediate surroundings, many nearby places are also historically important. Charaideo, the first capital of the Ahoms, established by Chukapha, is only about 30 kilometers away from it. Most of the kings were buried at Charaideo. Their huge tombs, known as ‘maidams’, can still be seen there. Gargaon, one of the most famous capitals of the Ahoms, stands only 15 kilometers away from Sibsagar. There is a beautiful multi-storeyed royal palace there called Kareng Ghar.


Further, innumerable monuments, including several capitals of the Ahoms, like Dehing, Towkak, and Bakata are scattered within a radius of fifty miles of the present Sibsagar Town. Almost every town, every village, every tank, and every road in these places have a history to relate to. Though it may not be possible for one to visit all these places and monuments, many people, going to Sibsagar from distant places, visit most of them. But it is very painful to see these glorious objects going to ruins day by day. The government should take all measures to preserve, maintain, and beautify these national assets. There is no doubt that Sibsagar and its surrounding areas can be developed into attractive tourist spots. If that is done, they will attract large numbers of foreign tourists and earn a lot of foreign exchange.

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